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Anne of Austria

Anne of Austria, the daughter of Philip II. of Spain, married in 1615 to Louis XIII. of France. Cardinal Richelieu, the all-powerful Minister, became her bitter enemy owing, it was whispered, to unrequited affection, and the Duke of Buckingham, who openly showed his admiration for her, was more gently rebuffed. At the king's death she became Regent, with Cardinal Mazarin for her adviser. Their policy provoked the war of the Fronde, in which the queen and the cardinal triumphed over the nobility and wealthy classes. She died in 1666.

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